What is a Business Information System?

What is a Business Information System (BIS)?

Business Information Systems (BIS) play a pivotal role in a business enterprise set-up, characterized by global outsourcing, strategic procurement, and global business alliances.

Business Information Systems (BIS) is regarded as the analysis and organization of business information through the application of technology (and computer science).

As such it teaches and enrolls core concepts of management, operations and information systems with computer science and engineering methods and technologies to manage an organization’s data.

Alternatively, Business Information Systems (BIS) is a field of study relating to how information and communication technologies (ICT) can be utilised to improve business processes and procedures, and enhance the organization’s chain networks (Organogram).

It also ensures that organisations acquire, produce, and deliver goods and services across the world, through efficient, effective and competitive use of ICT.

Studying information systems as a student include learning how to design, build and evaluate these systems.

To go about this, one must:

  • Develop a good understanding on the information needed by the organization
  • Know the business processes that generate and utilise information
  • Understand the roles of people and working groups in these processes
  • Know the efficiency of these processes.

One must as well develop a thorough understanding of the nature of the data involved including the data’s structure, persistence, transience, ownership and binary nature.

Components of Business Information System

There are four (4) key components to describe Business Information systems, which are:

  1. Decisions
  2. Transactions and processing
  3. Information and its flow
  4. Individuals or functions involved.

It is hard to observe the decision process, though we can see and review the results of a decision taken. Transactions are usually more visible, though many current information systems use computer programs, which are not easy to understand and to process.

In principle, an observer can see information and its flows. Individuals can be observed too, but it is not always easy to figure out the information processing functions they perform.

Features of business information system (BIS)

  •  The business information systems are prone to the dynamics of business environment and need to be flexible.
  • Business Information System should anticipate changes in information needs of users, that is to say, Business information systems must be proactive.
  • The purpose of Business information system is to cater for the information needed for decision making in a business.
  • The Business information systems have to be designed in consideration to the availability of financial and human resources of a business enterprise.
  • A Business information systems to be adopted by an enterprise must be cost effective.

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